Some people may not know, but the skin is the largest human organ. It also accounts for approximately 15% of our body weight. It plays a crucial role in adjusting body temperature, detecting hot and cold, and protecting us from outside infections and diseases. That’s why the health of our skin is especially important.
We at 5 Fun Facts have studied the most common types of rashes and we want you to be aware of them.
1. Lyme disease
Lyme borreliosis is an infectious disease caused by the Borrelia burgdorferi bacterium. Blacklegged deer ticks spread it. The symptoms include headache, fatigue, fever, and a skin rash like in the above photo. If untreated, his infection can affect the nervous system, heart, and joints.
2. Allergic rash
The main purpose of our immune system is to protect us from viruses and bacteria. But sometimes it starts a war against non-harmful substances, and an allergic reaction occurs. It can result in various symptoms, and a rash is one of them. The skin gets red and itchy, and sometimes swollen or dry — it all depends on the immune system’s reaction.
3. Shingles (herpes zoster)
Shingles and chickenpox are caused by the same virus which stays inactive in your body after you’ve had chickenpox. After a while, the disease may come back as shingles. Shingles causes a painful rash. Generally, there is a stripe of blisters that wraps around the side of your torso, although the rash can be found anywhere on your body.
Hives is a skin reaction accompanied by itchy red marks different in sizes: from little spots to big patches. This reaction can be provoked by stress, medicine, certain foods, or insect bites. Usually hives is a temporary problem that may be treated by allergy medications or antihistamines. However, if you have chronic hives, this is a reason to see a doctor.
5. Dermatitis (eczema)
Eczema is a rash that makes your skin itchy and red due to inflammation. It is usually chronic and tends to flare periodically. Atopic dermatitis may result in hay fever or asthma.
The cause of this rash is currently unknown. It resembles an allergy, but some of their symptoms differ. At this point, no cure has been found for eczema but treatments can help with the itching and prevent the rash from spreading.
6. Tinea corporis (ringworm)
Ringworm is a red itchy patch or bump that usually turns into a ring or circle over time. The outside can sometimes be lumpy and uneven and the rash is very contagious.
Despite its name, ringworm isn’t really a worm. It’s a rash caused by mold-like fungus which lives on your skin, hair, and nails. It can appear on any of those and even on your scalp.
Chickenpox is an infection that causes an itchy rash with small blisters. They cover the entire body and should not be popped or scratched. Other symptoms may include fever, fatigue, and headaches. This disease is very contagious to people who have never had it before.
Chickenpox is a mild disease, but sometimes people can develop serious complications. It is better to get vaccinated to prevent the disease and its unpleasant symptoms.
Psoriasis is a skin condition that causes cells to build up rapidly on the surface of the skin. The excess skin cells create itchy red scales and patches which can be painful sometimes. Psoriasis can’t be cured, but it’s possible to manage symptoms. It’s a chronic disease that comes and goes.
9. Contact dermatitis
This red, itchy rash is caused by touching or wearing something that we are allergic to. Some patches of skin get red and tender and this can cause some discomfort. Contact dermatitis can be treated pretty easily: the most important part is to avoid the cause of the reaction. But if you notice that the rash does not clear within a few weeks, it’s better to see a doctor.
If you do not understand why the rash develops, it is better to see a doctor to find out the reason and get treatment.
Have you ever had any of these rashes? Do you know any secrets that help get rid of them without problems? Share your thoughts in the comments!